editing disabled
EPPL751Su2012

ACADEMIC SUMMARY & CRITIQUE OF CLASSICAL SOCIAL THEORIES
Sociological Theory/ Approach to Education Research
Conception of Society
Core Values that Maintain/ Disrupt Social Order
Focus on Social Interaction/ Processes
Strengths
Weaknesses
Substantiation Capacity
Functionalist
-serves to maintain balance and order (HND)
-Maintining order: status quo, understanding place
-Disrupting order: anomie (HND)
-interconnectedness (HND)
-macro level
-able to see impacts (HND)
-doesn't consider situations separately (HND)
-generalizablity is an issue in observations and data analysis (HND)
Conflict
-Society is divided along class lines (TK)
-Class consciousness
-Profit driven (TK)
-Conflict over control of resources
-Change possible through violent means (TK)
-Macro level
-Dichotomous (dominant vs. dominated groups) (TK)
-Oversimplification of class division
-Ignores grey areas (TK)
-Precise definitions of classes needed for substantiation (TK)
Interactionist
-views the self as socially constructed, large focus on relationships (JRO)
-values a set of accepted meanings/symbols - the social self is an active product of human agency (JRO)
- studies the one on one relationship, studying at the micro level, how individuals relate (JRO)
- only theory that applies to people, and only theory studying one on one relationships (JRO)
- dips in psychology, does not account for personal bias/experiences, based on situation/historical/cultural context (JRO)
- qualitative research, case studies, could turn into biographical research (JRO)
- possible, but difficult to establish credibility when only studying one person (SMH)
ACADEMIC SUMMARY & CRITIQUE OF CONTEMPORARY SOCIAL THEORIES/APPROACHESIN EDUCATION RESEARCH
Code Theory






Cultural Capital
-power is defined by the level of cultural capital (JM)
cultural information is passed from one generation to the next to continue social stratification (JM
gain access to capital through networks and convert to other forms of capital to maintain status (JM)
-addresses important impact of norms, styles, and tastes in social settings (JM
- very narrow application (JM)
-difficult to correlate cultural knowledge with success factors (JM)
-difficult to determine common definition (JM)
Educational Outcomes (approach)






Status Competition & Interaction






Institutional Theory






Postmodern/ Critical
In conflict. All groups without power must agitate aginst the group in power.
(JGD)
Social order imposed by group possessing the power to define it. Disruption is seen as a good--agitation against the establishment. (JGD)
Focus is on application of criticism & the interpretation of various social constructions of reality. (JGD)
Fully embraces the fractured individualism of social construction. (JGD)
Conflict for its own sake. If the powerful are supplanted, everyone else's goal becomes to usurp the new power structure. (JGD)
Popular in academic circles, substantiated by a huge mass of papers on critical thinking--but tends to devolve into unintelligibility and an over-technical subjectivity. (JGD)